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Konstitūcijas pārākuma princips

Principle of Supremacy of Constitution

Jānis Pleps, Dr. iur.
Latvijas Universitātes Juridiskās fakultātes Tiesību teorijas un vēstures zinātņu katedras docents

The principle of supremacy of constitution is a mandatory requirement of the existence of the written constitution in the relevant legal system. This principle allows to ensure the supreme legal force and enforcement of the constitution in the legal and social reality.
In the Latvian legal system, the principle of supremacy of constitution is recognized as a general principle of law and consequence of the principle of rule of law. This concept was developed after proclamation of the Republic of Latvia and existed as an unwritten norm without special provision in the text of constitution.
The principle of supremacy of constitution recognizes the constitution as a legal act with supreme legal force and requires for all other legal acts to be compatible with the constitution. It is forbidden to apply legal norms which do not comply with the constitution. As a legal act with supreme legal force, the constitution cannot be amended with ordinary legislative acts. The principle of supremacy of constitution requires mechanisms of constitutional review in the legal system.

Atslēgvārdi: Satversme, Satversmes pārākums, vispārējie tiesību principi, tiesiska valsts

Keywords: Constitution, supremacy of Constitution, general principles of law, rule of law

Tiesību ierobežojumu pieļaujamība un attaisnojamība demokrātiskā tiesiskā valstī. Latvijas Universitātes 81. starptautiskās zinātniskās konferences tiesību zinātnes rakstu krājums = Admissibility and Justifiability of Restrictions of Rights in a Democratic State Governed by the Rule of Law. Article collection in legal science, the 81st international scientific conference  of the University of Latvia. Rīga: LU Akadēmiskais apgāds, 2023. 432 lpp.