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Zvērināta notāra pienākums novērtēt rīcībspēju cilvēkiem ar garīga rakstura traucējumiem

Notary’s Obligation to Assess the Capacity to Act of People with Mental Disabilities

Laura Kadile, Dr. iur. cand.
Latvijas Universitātes Medicīnas fakultātes pētniece

This article focuses on the legal obligation of notaries to assess the capacity of persons before concluding a notarial act. In particular, it examines how legal doctrine and case law reveal the procedure for complying with this obligation in Latvia, focusing on the possible challenges of assessing the capacity of persons with mental disabilities. The German legal framework concerning this topic is also addressed. The key idea proposed by the article is that compliance with the obligation should not be declaratory, thereby jeopardising the protection of mentally disabled persons in a legal transaction. It is necessary to establish a mechanism for the assessment of capacity to act in order to ensure that the obligation to assess capacity is implemented in a consistent manner.

Atslēgvārdi: zvērināts notārs, notariāls akts, rīcībspējas novērtēšana, garīga rakstura traucējumi

Keywords: sworn notary, notarial act, assessment of capacity to act, mental disability

Tiesību ierobežojumu pieļaujamība un attaisnojamība demokrātiskā tiesiskā valstī. Latvijas Universitātes 81. starptautiskās zinātniskās konferences tiesību zinātnes rakstu krājums = Admissibility and Justifiability of Restrictions of Rights in a Democratic State Governed by the Rule of Law. Article collection in legal science, the 81st international scientific conference  of the University of Latvia. Rīga: LU Akadēmiskais apgāds, 2023. 432 lpp.