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Pušu līdztiesības principa nozīme pirmstiesas izmeklēšanā

The Meaning of Equality of Arms in Pre-Trial Investigation

Oskars Kulmanis, Dr. iur. cand.
Latvijas Universitātes Juridiskās fakultātes Krimināltiesisko zinātņu katedras pasniedzējs

This article is dedicated to further assessment of the principle of equality of arms and its elements that may be applicable to the pre-trial investigation stage of criminal proceedings. The article includes evaluation of two practical elements determined by paragraph 1 and 3 (d) of Article 6 of the European Convention of Human Rights, the right to question witnesses in pre-trial investigation and the right to rely on assistance by private experts.
The pre-trial stage of proceedings in the Republic of Latvia is not held according to the principle of adversarial proceedings. Therefore, the article will address a question, whether rights of the defence and principle of equality of arms grant the suspect the right to interrogate witnesses and rely on assistance by experts in pre-trial investigation of criminal proceedings. The European Court of Human Rights has emphasized several procedural safeguards regarding the aforementioned rights and their meaning in fair proceedings.

Atslēgvārdi: kriminālprocess, taisnīgs process, pušu līdztiesība, pirmstiesas izmeklēšana

Keywords: criminal proceedings, fair proceedings, equality of arms, pre-trial investigation

Tiesību ierobežojumu pieļaujamība un attaisnojamība demokrātiskā tiesiskā valstī. Latvijas Universitātes 81. starptautiskās zinātniskās konferences tiesību zinātnes rakstu krājums = Admissibility and Justifiability of Restrictions of Rights in a Democratic State Governed by the Rule of Law. Article collection in legal science, the 81st international scientific conference  of the University of Latvia. Rīga: LU Akadēmiskais apgāds, 2023. 432 lpp.