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Recording Adolescent’s Physical Activity Using Tracking Devices and Observation of Cognitive Abilities

Viktors Veliks1, Juris Porozovs1, Aija Kļaviņa2, Inta Guļevska2, Anna Zuša2, Aleksandrs Aniščenko2
1 University of Latvia, Latvia
2 Latvian Academy of Sport Education, Latvia

Abstract. Physical activity is vital important for the holistic development of adolescents, fostering their physical, cognitive, and social health. Measuring daily physical activity is necessary for objective monitoring of the necessary amount of physical activity to maintain health. Various physical activity trackers have been developed to increase an individual’s awareness of physical activity throughout the day, but it is important to choose one that precisely measures the performance of various exercises and is easy to use. The aim of the study was to develop methodology and protocols for tracking adolescent’s daily physical activities, sleep duration and quality, and assess dynamic of adolescent’s motor skills and psychophysiological parameters. A case study to evaluate the correlation of physical and cognitive parameters with screen time dependency in adolescents was carried out. Two adolescent’s groups were organized: group with partly supervised physical exercise program and group with fully supervised physical exercise program. The level of physical activities was recorded with Fitbit and Actigraph fitness trackers and mobile applications. Adolescent’s motor skills were assessed by using the Bruininks – Oseretsky Bot-2 method, and psychophysiological parameters were assessed using Vienna tests before and after starting complex of physical activities. The results of the research suggested that the developed methodology gave ability to record adolescent’s physical and behavioural activity during the 16-weeks physical exercise program and compare it with their self-reported physical activities. Fitbit fitness trackers are more preferable in comparison with Actigraph because it is easier to use it in partly supervised activity conditions, and it is possible to register sleep duration and heart rate changes with Fitbit. Using the developed methodology, and taking into account changes in physical activities, it is possible to assess the dynamic of physical and psychophysiological parameter changes of adolescents.

Keywords: physical activity, adolescents, tracking devices, physical abilities, cognitive abilities

This project is supported by the Latvian Council of Science under Fundamental and Applied Research grant Nr. lzp-2019/1-0152.

In: Human, Technologies and Quality of Education, 2023. Proceedings of Scientific Papers = Cilvēks, tehnoloģijas un izglītības kvalitāte, 2023. Rakstu krājums
Riga, University of Latvia, 2023. 796 p. Ed. L. Daniela
ISBN 978-9934-36-116-6