Promoting Self-Regulatory Skills in Self-Regulated Learning Pre-School Education Stage 3 [PDF]

Ilze Šūmane, Līga Āboltiņa
University of Latvia, Latvia

Abstract: The competence approach in pre-school education, which recommends the promotion of self-regulated learning, raises questions about its impact on the development of children’s self-regulation. As a cross-cutting skill, self-regulated learning is essential for today’s society. It provides for a person’s ability to self-educate and develop effectively and successfully. The environment of the pre-school institution and the teacher, who equips and improves this environment, play an important role in promoting the child’s self-regulated learning. In the third stage of pre-school education children have reached the age of 5 to 6 years old and are being prepared to start school. The aim of this study is to assess and analyse children’s self-regulation skills in a pre-primary education environment in the third stage of self-regulated learning. Self-regulated learning is when a student is able to function and use cognitive, emotional processes and behavioural regulation tools to achieve learning goals. The following research tasks were included: 1) analyse the essence and development of self-regulation, and guidelines for organising a self-regulated learning process; and 2) carry out pedagogical observations of children’s self-regulatory abilities within the framework of the self-regulated learning process.
The research methods included analysis of pedagogical and psychological literature and sources, pedagogical observation, and statistical analysis of data. The study involved 41 children who were 5 to 6 years old. The results of the study show that self-directed learning can significantly promote the development of self-regulation skills in 5 to 6-year-old children. To better develop the process of self-regulation for 5 to 6-year-old children, the self-regulated learning process must be easier to understand, with an emphasis on updating, understanding, and reflecting on the learned content, while also clearly articulating the expected outcomes and providing feedback.
Keywords: pre-school education, pre-school environment, self-regulation, self-regulatory skills, self-regulated learning, 5 to 6-year-old children.

In: Human, Technologies and Quality of Education, 2021 = Cilvēks, tehnoloģijas un izglītības kvalitāte, 2021
Rīga, University of Latvia, 2021. 1148 p. Ed. L. Daniela
ISBN 978-9934-18-735-3