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Atsevišķi problēmjautājumi saistībā ar līgumu izpildi

Specific Issues Concerning Performance of Contracts

Aleksandrs Fillers, Dr. iur., LL.M.
Rīgas Juridiskās augstskolas docents, Latvijas Universitātes pasniedzējs

The article analyses two topics that have been rarely discussed in Latvian legal literature. Firstly, like most continental legal systems, the Latvian Civil Law recognizes the so-called exceptio non adimpleti contractus. This is a defence that allows a party to a contract to withhold its performance, if the counterparty does not perform its part of the contract. The article analyses how this defence applies, if the counter-performance is provided but turns out to be defective. Secondly, the article deals with the problem of creditor’s default (mora creditoris). The Latvian Civil Law provides an option for the debtor to terminate the original obligation, if the object of the contract is tangible and the creditor refuses to accept it. The debtor can deposit the object or sell it. However, it does not contain a similar rule for other types of obligations, most notably – services. The article suggests a solution that would grant the debtor an “exit strategy” in case of creditor’s default.

Atslēgvārdi: exceptio non adimpleti contractus, kreditora nokavējums, divpusēji līgumi, atkāpšanās no līguma

Keywords: exceptio non adimpleti contractus, creditor’s default, synallagmatic contracts, avoidance of contract

Tiesību ierobežojumu pieļaujamība un attaisnojamība demokrātiskā tiesiskā valstī. Latvijas Universitātes 81. starptautiskās zinātniskās konferences tiesību zinātnes rakstu krājums = Admissibility and Justifiability of Restrictions of Rights in a Democratic State Governed by the Rule of Law. Article collection in legal science, the 81st international scientific conference  of the University of Latvia. Rīga: LU Akadēmiskais apgāds, 2023. 432 lpp.