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Promotion of Listening Skills in Preschool Children with Phonological Insufficiency

Ilze Vilka
University of Latvia, Latvia

Abstract. This article is devoted to identifying the possibilities of promoting the development of listening skills in preschool children with phonological insufficiency. Underdeveloped listening skills and phonological insufficiency have a negative impact on speech development and language acquisition. During life, in interpersonal communication, people engage in four types of linguistic activity: listening, speaking, reading and writing. Listening is considered the most important skill, as it is through listening that an individual acquires most of their information and knowledge, including understanding the pronunciations of speech sounds, learning to distinguish them by hearing, and acquiring an understanding of words, sentences and texts. Children learn to perceive, comprehend and respond to hearing information by providing oral or written answers.
The aim of this study is to theoretically investigate and practically evaluate the possibilities of promoting listening skills in children with phonetic-phonemic deficiencies.
Methodology: The research was carried out using a literature review and speech therapy sessions to improve listening skills in preschool children with phonological insufficiency.
Results: 42 children aged 5–6 years with phonological insufficiency were involved in the study. The study was conducted in speech therapy sessions over a period of three months. Initial and repeated assessments of listening skills were carried out. The evaluation criteria were based on speech therapy and educational theories. The repeated assessment of listening skills showed dynamic growth in all children included in the study.

Keywords: listening, listening skills, phonological insufficiency, preschool, children, speech therapy

In: Human, Technologies and Quality of Education, 2022. Proceedings of Scientific Papers = Cilvēks, tehnoloģijas un izglītības kvalitāte, 2022. Rakstu krājums
Riga, University of Latvia, 2022. 1135 p. Ed. L. Daniela
ISBN 978-9934-18-911-1