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Social-Emotional Health and Resilience of Teachers in Slovakia

Veronika Boleková1, Henrieta Rolková2, Silvia Majerčáková Albertová2, Eva Szobiová3, Erik Radnoti2, Katarina Hennelová3
1 Department of Clinical Psychology, Pan European University, Slovakia
2 Department of School and Organizational Psychology, Pan European University, Slovakia
3 Department of General Psychology, Pan European University, Slovakia

Abstract. The present study examined social-emotional health and resilience of teachers in Slovakia, constructs which are relevant to requirements teachers have been facing over past years. Social-emotional health has been considered in terms of covitality construct as a synergistic effect of positive mental health. Covitality consists of twelve psychological indicators grouped into four domains – belief-in-self, belief-in-others, emotional competence and engaged living. Resilience has been conceptualized as a personality characteristic which reduces negative effects of stress and increases adaptation. The first aim of the present study was to examine level of covitality, its domains and indicators, and level of resilience of teachers in Slovak schools. The second aim was to examine the relationship between covitality and resilience. The sample consisted of 400 Slovak teachers who completed Social-Emotional Health Survey-Teachers (SEHS-T) and Resilience Scale (RS) during months of May through June 2021. Results indicated high level of covitality for 91.3%, and average level for 8.8% teachers. Resilience was rated at very low and low level by 6.8%, below average level by 17.8%, average level by 28%, and high level by 13.3% teachers. Most teachers rated resilience at an above average level (34.3%). Correlational analysis revealed moderate positive associations between all domains of covitality and resilience. Three covitality domains – engaged living, belief-in-self and emotional competence, and seven covitality indicators – self-efficacy, zest, self-regulation, optimism, cognitive reappraisal, gratitude and colleague support, were identified as predictors of resilience. Findings are discussed in terms of prediction and support of social-emotional health and resilience of teachers in Slovakia.

Keywords: social-emotional health, covitality, resilience, teacher, resilience predictors

Author Note
Research conducted as part of Erasmus+ Project 2020-1-LV01-KA226-SCH-094599-PA „Supporting teachers to face the challenge of distance teaching (PERSONA)”

Veronika Bolekova:
Henrieta Rolkova
Silvia Majercakova Albertova:
Eva Szobiova:
Erik Radnoti:
Katarina Hennelova 
Corresponding Author: Silvia Majercakova Albertova, Ph.D., Department of School and Organizational Psychology, Paneuropean University, Bratislava, Slovakia. Email:

In: Human, Technologies and Quality of Education, 2022. Proceedings of Scientific Papers = Cilvēks, tehnoloģijas un izglītības kvalitāte, 2022. Rakstu krājums
Riga, University of Latvia, 2022. 1135 p. Ed. L. Daniela
ISBN 978-9934-18-911-1